Research report

The United States has a worldwide system that taxes the dividends its resident multinational corporations receive from their foreign affiliates, while most other countries have territorial systems that exempt these dividends. This report examines the experience of four countries – two with long-...

January 21, 2015
Rosanne AltshulerStephen ShayEric Toder
Research report

There is widespread agreement that the college financial aid system is too complicated and acts as a barrier to higher education. This report focusses on how eight different simplification proposals for determining Pell grant eligibility and three alternatives for calculating Effective Family...

November 10, 2015
Kim S. RuebenSarah GaultSandy Baum
Research report

The Long-Term Care Financing Collaborative, an ad hoc group representing a broad ideological spectrum of independent policy experts as well as representatives of consumer groups, the insurance industry, and service providers, has proposed major changes in the way long-term supports and services...

February 22, 2016
Long-Term Care Financing Collaborative
Research report

The United States raises less tax revenue as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) than most other countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). In 2003, taxes in the United States, including all levels of government, amounted to 25.6 percent of GDP,...

May 8, 2006
Sonya HooEric Toder
Research report

Small businesses occupy an iconic place in American public policy debates. This paper discusses interactions between the federal tax code, small business, and the economy. We summarize the characteristics of small businesses, identify the tax provisions that most affect small businesses, and...

April 8, 2013
Samuel BrownWilliam G. Gale
Research report

The often overlooked municipal debt market has attracted considerable attention lately amid predictions of widespread local government defaults and changes to the federal tax exemption for municipal bonds. This paper explains essential features of muni bonds and assesses recent policy and market...

September 20, 2011
Tracy Gordon
Research report

The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program targets debt and equity capital to businesses or organizations situated in low-income, economically distressed communities. This is a report on a diverse sample of five projects that utilized New Markets Tax Credits allocated early in the program's...

February 23, 2010
Martin D. AbravanelNancy M. PindusBrett Theodos
Research report

The federal individual income tax has had many more brackets and much higher rates in the past than it does today. In 1958, for example, there were 24 brackets (versus 6 today) and the top rate was 91 percent (versus 35 percent today). The impact of more brackets and higher rates on taxpayers...

October 12, 2011
Daniel BanemanJames R. Nunns
Research report

The earned income tax credit (EITC) is the most effective antipoverty program targeted to working-age households, delivering $60 annually. Critics note a relatively high error rate – with errors often stemming from complicated rules about who counts as a “qualifying child”. We analyze data from...

September 30, 2015
Elaine MaagMike PergamitDevlin HansonCaroline RatcliffeSara EdelsteinSarah Minton
Research report

Over the past seventy years Congress has enacted dozens of tax and transfer programs, giving little if any attention to the marriage subsidies and penalties that they inadvertently impose. Although the programs affect both rich and poor Americans, the penalties fall most heavily on low- or...

September 13, 2005
Adam CarassoC. Eugene Steuerle