Research report

Refundable tax credits can play an important role in the financial lives of low-income families. The two that provide the most support are the earned income tax credit (EITC) and the child tax credit (CTC). Refundable tax credits differ from most programs that provide income support to low-...

October 17, 2022
Elaine MaagH. Elizabeth PetersNikhita AiriKaren E. Smith
Research report

While 19 states have enacted a tax on recreational marijuana, there is no standard cannabis tax in the US the way there is an alcohol tax, cigarette tax, and gas tax.

Instead, governments use three different types of cannabis taxes: a percentage-of-price tax, a weight-based tax, and a...

September 28, 2022
Richard C. AuxierNikhita Airi
Research report

Total state tax revenue collections increased 21.7 percent in nominal terms and 13.9 percent in real terms in the first quarter of 2022 relative to a year earlier.

The double-digit growth in state tax revenues is from very volatile sources and is largely attributable to atypical revenue-...

August 23, 2022
Lucy Dadayan
Research report

Tax-exempt organizations are subsidized relative to taxable organizations because income related to furthering their core mission is excluded from income tax. The value of this subsidy is unclear. There is no government-provided estimate, and the tax benefit for any organization depends on the...

July 27, 2022
Nathan BornAdam Looney
Research report

In 2017, the Tax Policy Center published “The Synthetic Control Method as a Tool to Understand State Policy,” a guide for using the synthetic control method (SCM) as a quantitative adjunct to case studies. With it, analysts can evaluate cases in which there is a single treated unit and no...

May 31, 2022
Robert McClellandLivia Mucciolo
Research report

This paper examines how the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) will affect the US energy sector. It combines qualitative analysis of a range of TCJA provisions with estimates from the Tax Policy Center’s Investment and Capital Model of how a narrower set of provisions will change marginal effective...

May 24, 2022
Brandon CunninghamChenxi LuEric ToderRoberton C. Williams III
Research report

Total state tax revenue collections increased 24.1 percent in nominal terms and 17.2 percent in real terms in the fourth quarter of 2021 relative to a year earlier.

Although state revenue collections have grown rapidly in the most recent months and reported revenue growth is widespread...

May 17, 2022
Lucy Dadayan
Research report

The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) sharply reduced effective corporate income tax rates on equity-financed US investment. This paper examines the reform’s impact on US inbound foreign direct investment (FDI) and investment in property, plant and equipment (PPE) by foreign-owned US companies....

May 12, 2022
Thornton MathesonAlexander KlemmLaura PowerThomas Brosy
Research report

Standard analysis of the corporate income tax assumes shareholders bear the burden of taxes on excess returns. But evidence shows that firms share rents with workers, especially high-income workers, which implies that these workers bear some of the burden as well. Using the Tax Policy Center...

May 10, 2022
William G. GaleSamuel Thorpe