Research report

This paper analyzes presidential candidate Donald Trump’s revised tax proposal, which would significantly reduce marginal tax rates, increase standard deduction amounts, repeal personal exemptions, cap itemized deductions, and allow businesses to elect to expense new investment and not deduct...

October 18, 2016
James R. NunnsLeonard E. BurmanJeffrey RohalyJoseph Rosenberg
Research report

This paper examines how changes to the individual income tax affect long-term economic growth. The structure and financing of a tax change are critical to achieving economic growth. Tax rate cuts may encourage individuals to work, save, and invest, but if the tax cuts are not financed by...

September 9, 2014
William G. GaleAndrew Samwick
Research report

Controversy rages about how to tax carried interest. One view sees carry as compensation that should be taxed like other labor income. Another sees carry as a reward for financial risk-taking that should be taxed like capital income. A third sees carry as creating a costly tax arbitrage. In this...

October 6, 2016
Donald Marron
Research report

This paper provides estimates of the total cost of non-business tax expenditures claimed on individual tax returns, taking account of interactions among provisions, and of their distributional effects among income groups. We estimate that non-business tax expenditures reduced tax liability by $1...

September 26, 2016
Eric ToderDaniel BergerYifan Powers
Research report

This report takes an investigative look at federal revenue spent on professional sports stadiums. Visit the Brookings Institution's website to try...

September 1, 2016
Ted GayerAustin J. DrukkerAlexander K. Gold
Research report

US fiscal policy has long been unsustainable, driven largely by automatically growing entitlement spending and insufficient revenues. Often overlooked is the extent to which this preordained fiscal policy limits policymakers’ discretion to act on new priorities each year. This study lays out...

September 14, 2016
Rudolph G. PennerC. Eugene Steuerle
Research report

Every year, the Urban Institute produces hundreds of reports, briefs, webcasts, and blog posts. In this publication, Urban’s State and Local Finance Initiative brings together the latest evidence-based research, data, and solutions with direct relevance for analysts crafting and deliberating...

September 13, 2016
Norton FrancisSarah GaultYifan Powers
Research report

Economists widely advocate establishing a price on carbon as a central means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the risks of global climatic disruption and ocean acidification. To be sure, a price on carbon is necessarily one part of a broader climate policy portfolio that includes...

July 8, 2016
Adele C. Morris
Research report

Introducing a federal consumption tax as a replacement for the employer payroll tax would achieve the intended policy goals of prior consumption tax proposals while overcoming their policy shortcomings. The base and design of the consumption and employer payroll taxes are closely related,...

July 6, 2016
James R. NunnsJoseph Rosenberg
Research report

This report updates and revises the authors’ 2014 proposal to replace the corporate income tax with taxation at ordinary income rates of dividends and net accrued capital gains of American shareholders. The new proposal retains a 15 percent corporate income tax, gives taxable shareholders a...

June 17, 2016
Eric ToderAlan Viard