Research report

Although the US tax code does not explicitly reference race or ethnicity, the federal income tax system contributes to racial disparities when factors that affect tax liabilities are correlated with race. This study is the first to use the Tax Policy Center’s microsimulation model—newly enhanced...

September 28, 2023
Janet HoltzblattLaura KawanoRobert McClellandGabriella Garriga
Research report

The federal government invests more than $500 billion annually in children through direct cash payments, including tax credits, and in-kind goods such as childcare, education, food subsidies, and healthcare coverage. This represents about 10 percent of the federal budget. Research shows these...

September 14, 2023
Elaine MaagCary LouMichelle CasasHannah DalyGabriella GarrigaLillian Hunter
Research report

Total state government tax revenue collections declined 0.4 percent in nominal terms and 6.4 percent in real terms in the fourth quarter of 2022 relative to a year earlier. Revenue growth rates varied considerably among major revenue sources and across states in the fourth quarter of 2022. Real...

May 17, 2023
Lucy Dadayan
Research report

Total state tax revenue collections increased 7.2 percent in nominal terms and 0.1 percent in real terms in the third quarter of 2022 relative to a year earlier. This is much weaker than the strong revenue growth observed in the first half of 2022. Both corporate income and general sales tax...

February 23, 2023
Lucy Dadayan
Research report

Lifetime Social Security and Medicare taxes are scheduled to be significantly lower than lifetime Social Security and Medicare benefits for most workers in future decades, based on the latest data. This report compares the benefits and taxes paid by beneficiaries at the age of 65 from 1960 to...

February 14, 2023
C. Eugene SteuerleKaren E. Smith
Research report

States and local governments in the US have started implementing cryptocurrency and blockchain technology initiatives and policies. Supporters of these technologies highlight the transformative potential for improving local governance, but many remain skeptical about their long-term effects on...

February 6, 2023
Luisa Godinez-PuigThomas BrosyGabriella Garriga
Research report

Medicare faces serious short-term and long-term financial pressures. This report examines the revenue and distributional effects of options to increase revenues for Medicare and discusses their relative pros and cons. We use the Tax Policy Center microsimulation model to estimate the effect of...

February 1, 2023
Gordon B. MerminBowen GarrettLillian HunterC. Eugene Steuerle