Research report

This technical brief describes the Tax Policy Center’s international investment and capital model (IICM) of cross-border tax rates. The Devereux-Griffith effective tax rate model underlying the IICM is explained in detail, and preliminary model outputs—effective marginal and average tax rates on...

April 28, 2021
Thornton Matheson
Research report

Over the period between 2013 and 2029, the sum of the estimated budgetary costs of all tax expenditures as a percentage of gross domestic product will range from approximately 8.5 percent in fiscal year 2017 to 6 percent in fiscal years 2024 and 2025. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA)...

April 20, 2021
Sarah CalameEric Toder
Research report

States reported robust revenue growth in the third quarter of 2020, a reversal of steep declines in the second quarter that mostly reflects shifting income tax filing deadlines. Over a six-month period (April through September 2020), state revenues declined 2.0...

March 29, 2021
Lucy Dadayan
Research report

Although theory suggests that people who live longer work longer, life expectancy and labor force participation at older ages have not always moved in the same direction. This paper uses a spatial approach based on census-tract-level data from the U.S. Small-Area Life...

December 1, 2020
Aaron R. WilliamsC. Eugene Steuerle
Research report

This paper examines the effect on retirement rates at ages 62 to 65 of the increase in Social Security’s full retirement age and the associated decrease in benefits that began in 2000. We use a parametric and nonparametric difference-in-difference approach and monthly Current...

January 4, 2021
C. Eugene Steuerle
Research report


The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) provides substantial support for working families with low and moderate incomes, including those who may participate in traditional safety net programs, such as TANF. Based on incomes in 2019, the Tax Policy Center...

February 26, 2021
Elaine MaagWilliam J. CongdonEunice Yau
Research report

The universal earned income tax credit is a worker subsidy designed to offset wage stagnation. The base proposal would replace existing subsidies for working families with a refundable 100 percent tax credit on individual wages up to $10,000 and a larger, refundable child tax credit. The maximum...

January 21, 2021
Leonard E. Burman
Research report

States saw steep declines in revenues in the second quarter of 2020, though some of this was caused by shifting revenues into the next quarter and next fiscal year. Consequently, most states ended fiscal year 2020 uncertain about their fiscal bottom line.  Many states cut...

December 24, 2020
Lucy Dadayan
Research report

This report presents updated figures in 2020 dollars for the lifetime benefits earned and the lifetime taxes paid by hypothetical workers participating in Social Security and Medicare. For a single male earning average wages every year and retiring in 2020 at age 65, lifetime Social Security and...

November 17, 2020
Erald KolasiC. Eugene Steuerle
Research report

This paper examines the fiscal system put in place in the former Confederacy in the decades after Reconstruction. Overturning Reconstruction-era policies that taxed wealth and invested in public services, the white supremacist governments that came to power in the later 19th Century slashed...

November 4, 2020
Vanessa Williamson