Tax Policy Center

Experts

Sarah Gault

Research Associate II

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Research report

Differences in state taxes paid and benefits received for immigrants and native-born Americans are driven by differences in demographic characteristics. Spending on immigrants is somewhat greater primarily because they have more school age children. Fiscal impacts also vary by state. This brief...

June 6, 2017
Kim S. RuebenSarah Gault
Brief

This fact sheet describes the more than $275 million economic development package that the state of Massachusetts and City of Boston offered to General Electric to influence its relocation from Fairfield, Connecticut to Boston in 2016.

May 9, 2017
Norton FrancisMegan RandallSarah Gault
Brief

This fact sheet explains how to use the synthetic control method for evaluating state policy.

May 9, 2017
Robert McClellandSarah Gault
Research report

The synthetic control method is an increasingly popular method for state policy evaluation. It provides quantitative support for case studies by creating a synthetic control region that simulates what the outcome path of a region would be if it did not undergo a particular policy intervention....

March 29, 2017
Robert McClellandSarah Gault
Research report

Every year, the Urban Institute produces hundreds of reports, briefs, webcasts, and blog posts. In this publication, Urban’s State and Local Finance Initiative brings together the latest evidence-based research, data, and solutions with direct relevance for analysts crafting and deliberating...

September 13, 2016
Norton FrancisSarah GaultYifan Powers
Brief

This brief builds on work that examines replacing the current formula for calculating Pell grant eligibility with one that uses only a few family characteristics. Using data from the 2011–12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, we compare our original two-factor model with Financial Aid...

April 7, 2016
Kim S. RuebenSarah GaultSandy Baum
Journal Article

We explore issues related to a financial transaction tax (FTT) in the United States. We trace the history and current practice of the tax in the United States and other countries, review evidence of its impact on financial markets, and explore the key design issues any such tax must address. We...

February 26, 2016
Leonard E. BurmanWilliam G. GaleSarah GaultBryan KimJames R. NunnsSteven M. Rosenthal
Brief

The massive financial market failures that led to the Great Recession have prompted renewed calls for a financial transaction tax (FTT) to discourage excessive risk taking and recoup the costs of the crisis. A well-designed FTT could raise up to about 0.4 percent of GDP ($75 billion in 2017) in...

January 20, 2016
Leonard E. BurmanWilliam G. GaleSarah GaultBryan KimJames R. NunnsSteven M. Rosenthal
Research report

There is widespread agreement that the college financial aid system is too complicated and acts as a barrier to higher education. This report focusses on how eight different simplification proposals for determining Pell grant eligibility and three alternatives for calculating Effective Family...

November 10, 2015
Kim S. RuebenSarah GaultSandy Baum

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