Tax Policy Center

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William G. Gale

Codirector

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Brief

Interest rates on government debt have been falling in many countries for the last several decades, with markets indicating that rates may stay low well into the future.  The recent economic crisis precipitated by the coronavirus only accentuates these trends.  As...

September 23, 2021
Alan J. AuerbachWilliam G. Gale
Research report

Interest rates on government debt have fallen in many countries over the last several decades, with markets indicating that rates may stay low well into the future.  It is by now well understood that sustained low interest rates can change the nature of long-run fiscal...

September 23, 2021
Alan J. AuerbachWilliam G. Gale
Research report

The long-term shift in the US retirement system from defined benefit pension (DB) plans to retirement saving accounts such as 401(k) plans and IRAs has transferred significant financial risks to workers, many of whom are ill-equipped to handle the contingencies. Collective defined contribution (...

September 21, 2021
J. Mark IwryDavid C. JohnChristopher PulliamWilliam G. Gale
Research report

The existence of small and inactive accounts is a largely inevitable feature of the US retirement saving system, which features employer-based retirement plans, individually managed accounts, and automatic enrollment. We consider the issues raised by these accounts, including the...

September 21, 2021
David C. JohnJ. Mark IwryChristopher PulliamWilliam G. Gale
Brief

The existence of small and inactive accounts is a largely inevitable feature of the US retirement saving system, which features employer-based retirement plans, individually managed accounts, and automatic enrollment. We consider the issues raised by these accounts, including the...

September 21, 2021
J. Mark IwryChristopher PulliamWilliam G. GaleDavid C. John
Research report

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) instituted the most substantial changes in taxation in decades and was designed to boost the economy via supply-side incentives. This paper reviews these changes and examines the impacts on economic aggregates through 2019. The Act clearly reduced revenue...

July 6, 2021
William G. GaleClaire Haldeman
Brief

This policy brief shows that the COVID-19 pandemic and associated policy responses substantially raised federal deficits, but only on a temporary basis. We project that the debt-to-GDP ratio, currently 98 percent, will rise to 190 percent in 2050 under current law, compared to a pre-COVID...

November 23, 2020
Alan J. AuerbachWilliam G. Gale
Brief

The future fiscal and economic health of the United States depends on its ability to increase revenues. With high and rising public debt, an aging population that will place increasing demands on federal spending, and a need for new investments in infrastructure, research and development, and...

October 2, 2020
William G. Gale

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