Tax Policy Center

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Expert

Eric Toder

Institute Fellow and Codirector, Tax Policy Center

Before joining Urban, I had a long career in government, including three years as a political appointee heading the staff of tax policy economists in the Treasury Department.  I joined Urban after leaving government service because it is a place where I could continue to do high-quality research on important issues, surrounded by great colleagues.  I value the commitment to nonpartisan and independent analysis, and the encouragement Urban provides to seek better ways of communicating research findings and basic facts about the economy and policy issues to non-technical audiences.

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Research report

The value of the tax preference for pensions depends on the marginal tax schedule and on the tax treatment of income from assets held outside a pension account. We find that changes in U.S. tax law, especially the reduction in tax rates on capital gains and dividends, but also the decline in...

May 19, 2010
Gary T. Burtless, Eric Toder
Research report

In 2011, the U.S. government will spend over $1 trillion on tax expenditures. These programs often fly under the radar of media and public opinion. This paper discusses obstacles to subjecting tax expenditures to the same scrutiny as direct outlays and offers some recommendations for...

April 22, 2010
Lily L. Batchelder, Eric Toder
Research report

This report examines the effects of imposing a new value added tax (VAT) in the United States and using the revenue raised to lower payroll tax and corporate income tax rates. We summarize how different forms of VAT operate and compare how a VAT, payroll tax, and corporate income treat different...

April 7, 2010
Joseph Rosenberg, Eric Toder
Research report

In 2010, 45 percent of tax returns will either remit no federal income tax or receive a net tax refund. But this figure overstates the share of taxpayers who would be unaffected by higher income tax rates. Raising all rates by 1 percent would hold only 34 percent of tax returns harmless; others...

March 4, 2010
Rachel M. Johnson, Eric Toder
Testimony

Eric Toder testified before the Senate Committee on Finance on how recently proposed incentives for small business may help economic recovery. These incentives are only a small component of broader policies to accelerate recovery from the deep recession we have experienced in the past two years...

February 24, 2010
Eric Toder
Research report

The Tax Policy Center has examined the key tax proposals in President Obama's 2011 budget. Separate discussions below describe each of the proposals including current law, proposed changes, and, when appropriate, the distributional effects. The budget as presented by the president lacks complete...

February 19, 2010
Rosanne Altshuler, Dan Halperin, Benjamin H. Harris, Joseph Rosenberg, Eric Toder, Roberton C. Williams
Brief

This paper simulates the impact of the 2008 stock market crash on future retirement savings under alternative scenarios. If stocks remain depressed as after the 1974 crash, 20 percent of preboomers born 1941-45 and 22 percent of late boomers born 1961-65 would see their retirement incomes drop...

December 17, 2009
Barbara Butrica, Karen E. Smith, Eric Toder
Research report

President Obama's tax reform task force has been asked to propose ways to close the $300 billion tax gap, which is the estimated difference between taxes owed and taxes paid either voluntarily or through enforcement. But the amount of money lost to legal tax avoidance - the difference between an...

September 10, 2009
Eric Toder
Research report

The House leadership has proposed to finance health care reform with a surtax on adjusted gross income (AGI) of high-income individuals, while the president's budget would increase the two top marginal tax rates on taxable income. Income taxed at statutory marginal rates is 58 percent of AGI for...

August 25, 2009
Jacob Goldin, Eric Toder

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