Research report

A taxpayer's effective marginal tax rate (EMTR) is the percentage of an additional dollar of income that would be paid in federal income tax. An individual's EMTR could affect the decision to work or save more, or avoid income tax. We use the TPC's microsimulation model of the federal tax system...

September 30, 2008
Katherine Lim, Jeffrey Rohaly
Research report

Republican Presidential Candidate Fred Thompson has announced a tax plan that combines tax cut extensions, additional tax cuts, and an election to pay tax under a new alternative tax system that would substitute a larger standard deduction for all current deductions and credits and have two...

December 10, 2007
Leonard E. Burman, Greg Leiserson, Jeffrey Rohaly
Research report

Student loans, mortgage guarantees, and other lending programs create special challenges for federal budgeting. Under official budget rules, these programs are projected to bring in $200 billion over the next decade. Under an alternative, favored by many analysts, they appear to lose $100...

September 29, 2014
Donald Marron
Research report

Recently, there has been a spate of corporate inversions, where U.S. multinational corporations have combined with foreign companies, arranging their corporate structure to locate the residence of the resulting corporation in a foreign country with an attractive corporate tax climate. This paper...

August 20, 2014
Kimberly A. Clausing
Research report

Under current law, taxpayers may deduct interest paid on up to $1 million of acquisition debt used to buy, build, or improve a primary or secondary residence. Taxpayers can also deduct interest paid on up to $100,000 in home equity loans or other loans secured by their homes. This report...

May 14, 2014
Amanda Eng
Research report

A corporate income tax can play a useful role by preventing shareholders from deferring tax on retained corporate profits. The current U.S. corporate income tax is deeply flawed, however, because it relies on definitions of corporate residence and income sourcing that corporations can easily...

April 3, 2014
Eric Toder, Alan Viard
Research report

This paper documents the increased role of pass-through entities and the associated decline in use of the taxable corporate form since the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (TRA86) and discusses implications for the design of tax policy. We show how significant reductions in the corporate tax rate, absent...

February 5, 2014
George A. Plesko, Eric Toder
Research report

This paper evaluates six options to achieve across-the-board reductions to a group of major exclusions and deductions in the income tax: (1) limiting their tax benefit to a maximum percentage of income; (2) imposing a fixed dollar cap; (3) reducing them by a fixed-percentage amount; (4) limiting...

February 5, 2014
Eric Toder, Joseph Rosenberg, Amanda Eng
Research report

Both political parties are calling for corporate tax reform without agreement on specifics. Proposals to broaden the corporate tax base to pay for lower rates or to eliminate taxes on corporate repatriations while trying to prevent income shifting do not address the main problems of taxing...

January 27, 2014
Eric Toder
Research report

This Tax Fact documents the increasing share of flow-through business income as a percentage of adjusted gross income (AGI) reported on individual income tax returns. In 2012, net income from sole proprietorships, partnerships, and S corporations totaled nearly $840 billion and accounted for...

September 29, 2014
Joseph Rosenberg