Research report

Tax and fiscal policy will loom large in the next president's domestic policy agenda. Nearly all of the tax cuts enacted since 2001 expire at the end of 2010 and the individual alternative minimum tax (AMT) threatens to ensnare tens of millions of Americans. While a permanent fix palatable to...

June 20, 2008
TPC
Research report

The early years of the 21st century have been marked by a major tax bill almost every year. This fact sheet looks at the impact of these laws on taxpayers, especially on who benefits and who doesnt, and discusses some unfinished business, including the future of the estate tax and the individual...

October 23, 2006
TPC
Research report

The effects of state tax policy on economic growth, entrepreneurship, and employment remain controversial. Using a framework that in prior research generated significant, negative, and robust effects of taxes on growth, we find that neither tax revenues nor top income tax rates bear stable...

December 1, 2015
William G. Gale, Kim S. Rueben, Aaron Krupkin
Research report

The effects of state tax policy on economic growth, entrepreneurship, and employment remain controversial. Using a framework that in prior research generated significant, negative, and robust effects of taxes on growth, we find that neither tax revenues nor top income tax rates bear stable...

December 1, 2015
William G. Gale, Kim S. Rueben, Aaron Krupkin
Research report

The possibility of introducing a value-added tax (VAT) in the United States has been discussed on a sporadic basis for several decades. This paper examines issues related to small business and entrepreneurship under a VAT. Section II discusses the basic mechanics of a VAT, including the...

March 1, 2016
William G. Gale, Hilary Gelfond, Aaron Krupkin
Research report

The possibility of introducing a value-added tax (VAT) in the United States has been discussed on a sporadic basis for several decades. In this policy brief, which is based on Gale, Gelfond, and Krupkin (2015), we examine issues related to small business and entrepreneurship under a VAT. We also...

March 1, 2016
William G. Gale, Hilary Gelfond, Aaron Krupkin
Research report

After worsening sharply during the Great Recession, the long-term fiscal outlook generally improved through 2015, due to a combination of legislative acts and lower projected growth of health care spending. The same factors and the slow but steady economic recovery helped reduce short-term...

February 24, 2016
William G. Gale, Alan J. Auerbach
Research report

The American family is changing. Individuals marry later, divorce more frequently, or live together without being married. Nonmarital births, complex custody arrangements, and multiple generations of families living together are more common, but the tax system has not kept pace. Although tax...

March 3, 2016
Elaine Maag, H. Elizabeth Peters, Sara Edelstein
Research report

Many federal tax reform proposals would eliminate the state and local tax (SALT) deduction. Although deficit reduction often is the rationale, there are arguments for eliminating the deduction based on economic efficiency, equity, and improved federal fiscal policy. Eliminating the deduction,...

March 31, 2016
Frank Sammartino, Kim S. Rueben
Research report

Originally posted November 16, 2010. Updated on November 18, 2010, to include analyses in which only the income tax expenditures are eliminated but payroll tax expenditures remain. Updated again on November 24, 2010, to include an additional option that would retain 80 percent of the tax...

November 10, 2010
Eric Toder, Daniel Baneman