Research report

Territorial tax systems require clear rules to distinguish between taxable domestic and exempt foreign-source income. Defining the source of a multinational company’s profits is difficult, however, especially for profits that are attributable to intangible assets. Shifting of reported profits to...

March 28, 2017
Eric Toder
Research report

What makes people perceive their taxes as “fair”? We worked with the news website Vox to produce a short quiz about tax knowledge, which we used to test whether drawing readers’ attention to certain aspects of the tax code changed their opinions about the fairness of their own taxes. We found...

March 29, 2017
Vanessa Williamson
Research report

We model taxpayer decisions to realize or delay their capital gains and losses. We use a unique data set of capital asset sales to examine the shifting of gains across time periods with different tax rates, but eliminates the effect of the large pool of accrued gains that enlarge previous...

February 7, 2017
Timothy Dowd, Robert McClelland
Research report

New information from the Congressional Budget Office allows an update of the fiscal outlook. While deficits are manageable in the short run, the debt-GDP ratio is already high relative to historical norms. Under “current policy,” we project the ratio will rise to 96 percent by 2027 and 154...

January 29, 2017
Alan J. Auerbach, William G. Gale
Research report

This paper applies the Schumpeterian view of entrepreneurship to estimate the tax rate on entrepreneurial income under alternative assumptions about the pattern of returns from innovations, the tax rules applied to different types of income (wages, interest, capital gains, dividends, corporate...

January 2, 2017
Eric Toder
Research report

Governments are starting to use taxes to discourage consumption of sugary drinks. Those taxes typically scale with drink volume. But sugar content varies widely. This report analyses the potential benefits and costs of scaling these taxes to sugar content. Taxes based on sugar content reduce...

December 12, 2016
Norton Francis, Donald Marron, Kim S. Rueben
Research report

The Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 requires the IRS to delay tax refunds for taxpayers who claim an earned income tax credit or additional child tax credit on their returns until at least February 15. The delay could help the IRS better check claims for these credits. But this...

December 7, 2016
Elaine Maag, Stephen Roll, Jane Oliphant
Research report

This report considers three options for restructuring the home mortgage interest deduction – replacing the deduction with a 15 percent non-refundable interest credit, reducing the ceiling on debt eligible for an interest subsidy to $500,000, and combining the substitution of the credit for the...

December 6, 2016
Chenxi Lu, Eric Toder
Research report

The income tax provisions related to families and work—filing status, rate schedules, the standard deduction, personal exemptions, the child and earned income tax credits, and the taxation of dependents—are complex, too small to encourage work for many low earners, and unfair to some families....

December 5, 2016
James R. Nunns, Elaine Maag, Hang Nguyen
Research report

Long-term budget projections do not have to be right to be useful. Even when they are wrong, forecasts give valuable information about the long-term direction of key sectors of the budget, economy, and population. A variety of models now shows important demographic shifts—such as the aging of...

December 1, 2016
Rudolph G. Penner