Tax Policy Center

Experts

Peter Orszag

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Research report

Despite substantial attention given to fiscal policy concerns in recent years, the federal government's fiscal status has continued to deteriorate, with the enactment of tax cuts, a massive new Medicare entitlement, increased spending on defense and homeland security, and related economic...

April 17, 2006
Alan J. Auerbach, William G. Gale, Peter Orszag
Brief

For nearly a decade, federal higher education subsidies have increasingly been delivered through the tax code rather than through direct spending programs such as grants, loan subsidies, and work study. This paper reviews the results of using new modules in the TRIM and Tax Policy Center...

August 19, 2005
Leonard E. Burman, Elaine Maag, Peter Orszag, John O'Hare
Research report

The leading policy goal for 401(k)-type plans and Individual Retirement Accounts is to help families accumulate wealth for retirement. Given this objective, policy-makers have created tax penalties for either withdrawing funds too quickly or too slowly. This Tax Fact explores these tax penalties...

August 15, 2005
Peter Orszag
Brief

The federal tax system provides little incentive for participation in tax-preferred saving plans to households that most need to save more for retirement and whose contributions would most likely represent an actual increase in savings. By contrast, the tax code provides its strongest incentives...

July 7, 2005
William G. Gale, J. Mark Iwry, Peter Orszag
Research report

The "automatic 401(k)" is a simple concept with enormous potential. An automatic 401(k) plan would have intelligent defaults at each phase of the 401(k) savings cycle: participation, contribution levels, investment allocations, rollovers, and withdrawal options. Workers would be free to opt out...

March 7, 2005
William G. Gale, J. Mark Iwry, Peter Orszag
Brief

The Saver's Credit, enacted in 2001, provides a government matching contribution, in the form of a nonrefundable tax credit, for voluntary individual contributions to 401(k)-type plans, IRAs, and similar retirement savings arrangements. This paper provides background on the evolution and design...

March 1, 2005
William G. Gale, J. Mark Iwry, Peter Orszag
Research report

The new budget projections released by the Congressional Budget Office (2005) provide an opportunity to assess fiscal policy in the first four years of the Bush administration and to discuss prospects for the next four years and beyond. This report examines the baseline CBO projections, adjusts...

February 14, 2005
William G. Gale, Peter Orszag
Research report

Proposals to replace part of Social Security with individual accounts are now a focus of attention, with the President expressing a strong desire to push forward on creating individual accounts within Social Security. This paper considers the appropriate budgetary treatment of proposals to...

January 24, 2005
William G. Gale, Jason Furman, Peter Orszag
Research report

This article uses the TPC tax model to examine the direct effect of exempting all dividends, interest, and capital gains from income taxation.

December 6, 2004
Peter Orszag